ALGS Winter Circuit #1 - Europe

From Liquipedia Apex Legends Wiki
[e][h]ALGS Winter Circuit #1 - Europe
League Information
Series:
ALGS OnlineALGS Online ALGS Online
ALGS Winter CircuitALGS Winter Circuit ALGS Winter Circuit
Organizer:
Platform:
Type:
Online
Location:
Europe Europe
Prize pool:
$16,250 USD
Start Date:
2021-01-29
End Date:
2021-01-31
Teams:
233
ALGS circuit tier:
Liquipedia tier:
Links

' Tournament was originally scheduled to take place online January 15-17, 2021, but was postponed to January 29-31, 2021 due to server stability issues.[1] EU had already played the first round before the postponement, but those results will be nullified and the round will restart on 29 January. [2]

Winter Circuit Europe #1 is part of the 2020 Winter Circuit for the Apex Legends Global Series season.

About[edit]

Broadcast Talent[edit]

Format[edit]

Point Distribution

  • At the end of each Match, Teams are awarded points for their placement and the Team’s total number of kills as shown on the in-game end of match summary screen (“Match Score”).
    • To view the points distribution Click here
Points Distribution
Place Points
Kill Points 1 per kill
A11st 12
A22nd 9
A33rd 7
A44th 5
A55th 4
A66 - 7th 3
A98 - 10th 2
B211 - 15th 1
A916 - 20th 0

Prize Pool[edit]

$16,250 USD and 38,730 ALGS Points are awarded.

Participants[edit]

Results[edit]

Quarterfinals[edit]


Legend
Advances
Eliminated
Standings
Placements and killsPoints
TeamTotalRound 1
Round 1
January 30, 2021 - 12:00 GMT
First Place
EndeavourEndeavour Endeavour
Second Place
AkumaAkuma Akuma
Third Place
T-RexT-Rex T-Rex
Round 2
Round 2
January 30, 2021 - 12:30 GMT
First Place
soloQgoatssoloQgoats soloQgoats
Second Place
FlavorOfTheMonthFlavorOfTheMonth FlavorOfTheMonth
Third Place
303 Esports303 Esports 303 Esports
Round 3
Round 3
January 30, 2021 - 13:00 GMT
First Place
AllianceAlliance Alliance
Second Place
NoFear GamingNoFear Gaming NoFear Gaming
Third Place
303 Esports303 Esports 303 Esports
Round 4
Round 4
January 30, 2021 - 13:30 GMT
First Place
FlavorOfTheMonthFlavorOfTheMonth FlavorOfTheMonth
Second Place
pepegaboyspepegaboys pepegaboys
Third Place
soloQgoatssoloQgoats soloQgoats
PKPKPKPK
1.AllianceAlliance Alliance4612122827711216167333
2.FlavorOfTheMonthFlavorOfTheMonth FlavorOfTheMonth4619000291010102001121313
3.soloQgoatssoloQgoats SQG45926611288141003799
4.303 Esports303 Esports 303414555375537111118011
5.EndeavourEndeavour Endeavour3911213131412254118244
6.T-RexT-Rex T-Rex2937441210045444533
7.pepegaboyspepegaboys pepegaboys265444540092002933
8.69iQ eSports69iQ eSports 69iQ211314411133828810200
9.Luminosity GamingLuminosity Gaming Luminosity21825545771510011100
10.NoFear GamingNoFear Gaming NoFear2115133921129119222
11.SBSSBS SBS17170001800073115499
12.NJTNJT NJT16631113111634413122
13.AkumaAkuma Akuma16290073331700012100
14.YaChTYaChT YaChT121600015100121006377
15.SafeFiveSafeFive SafeFive1114111102331112215100
16.MFZMFZ MFZ1011100170001317714100
17.18721872 187291021163221601117000
18.OutplayedOutplayed OP67322190111900016000
19.TRIADA WHITETRIADA WHITE TRIADA WHITE118000160001800019011
20.Crawfish Swan and PikeCrawfish Swan and Pike Crawfish Swan and Pike020000200002000020000

Legend
Advances
Eliminated
Standings
Placements and killsPoints
TeamTotalRound 1
Round 1
January 30, 2021 - 12:00 GMT
First Place
AvangardAvangard Avangard
Second Place
789789 789
Third Place
Gambit EsportsGambit Esports Gambit Esports
Round 2
Round 2
January 30, 2021 - 12:30 GMT
First Place
Gambit EsportsGambit Esports Gambit Esports
Second Place
BodyGuardsBodyGuards BodyGuards
Third Place
Natus VincereNatus Vincere Natus Vincere
Round 3
Round 3
January 30, 2021 - 13:00 GMT
First Place
Gambit EsportsGambit Esports Gambit Esports
Second Place
Natus VincereNatus Vincere Natus Vincere
Third Place
MagiciansMagicians Magicians
Round 4
Round 4
January 30, 2021 - 13:30 GMT
First Place
Gambit EsportsGambit Esports Gambit Esports
Second Place
COOLER EsportCOOLER Esport COOLER Esport
Third Place
789789 789
PKPKPKPK
1.Gambit EsportsGambit Esports Gambit843712121121212112101011277
2.AvangardAvangard Avangard4811214148212121023314122
3.MagiciansMagicians Magicians405455544437995433
4.789789 7893229111020045663722
5.BodyGuardsBodyGuards BodyGuards3015155295573229233
6.COOLER EsportCOOLER Esport COOLER2982334500131332966
7.Natus VincereNatus Vincere NAVI2663223722292218011
8.SandalsSandals Sandals25160116366828812144
9.UpRisingUpRising uSg22190001113354334566
10.PeepoPogPeepoPog PeepoPog1913122732263118255
11.OvPOvP OvP1712133180441703310244
12.Clique EsportsClique Esports CLQ131413316000111446311
13.ChichivicaChichivica Chichivica129222170001413313133
14.NucStars EsportNucStars Esport NucStars Esport910211131551800016000
15.Z KomandaZ Komanda Z Komanda711166200002000019000
16.RazZRazZ RazZ72001112100921111111
17.FIGVAMFIGVAM FIGVAM64500141001600020000
18.United Master PlayersUnited Master Players UMP51700015100151007300
19.Riders of RohanRiders of Rohan Riders of Rohan47300190111900017000
20.Cl0wnsCl0wns Cl0wns41800092001210015100

Legend
Advances
Eliminated
Standings
Placements and killsPoints
TeamTotalRound 1
Round 1
January 30, 2021 - 12:00 GMT
First Place
NorthNorth North
Second Place
2RATS1CONTROLLER2RATS1CONTROLLER 2RATS1CONTROLLER
Third Place
SkylineSkyline Skyline
Round 2
Round 2
January 30, 2021 - 12:30 GMT
First Place
Last Minute Andy'sLast Minute Andy's Last Minute Andy's
Second Place
NorthNorth North
Third Place
Mikkel, Can & DanMikkel, Can & Dan Mikkel, Can & Dan
Round 3
Round 3
January 30, 2021 - 13:00 GMT
First Place
Obey AllianceObey Alliance Obey Alliance
Second Place
2RATS1CONTROLLER2RATS1CONTROLLER 2RATS1CONTROLLER
Third Place
nonamesnonames nonames
Round 4
Round 4
January 30, 2021 - 13:30 GMT
First Place
InsidersInsiders Insiders
Second Place
Mikkel, Can & DanMikkel, Can & Dan Mikkel, Can & Dan
Third Place
CroissantCroissant Croissant
PKPKPKPK
1.2RATS1CONTROLLER2RATS1CONTROLLER 2R1C542988160222966631717
2.NorthNorth North4911212122966451116044
3.Obey AllianceObey Alliance Obey457322828811213139233
4.Last Minute Andy'sLast Minute Andy's Last Minute Andy's38456611266102005433
5.Mikkel, Can & DanMikkel, Can & Dan MCD3616000371414160222944
6.InsidersInsiders INS289222151221112211266
7.CroissantCroissant Croissant26102004544190113777
8.K1CKK1CK K1CK25826663441419917000
9.dead insidedead inside dead inside25111771411163337366
10.WygersWygers Wygers2154331701154558222
11.SkylineSkyline Skyline19372211100735514100
12.nonamesnonames nonames17121119211375518000
13.NKRNKR NKR16131225433180004511
14.AspirateurAspirateur Aspirateur12631173441700015100
15.ez rotationez rotation ez rotation914122131111210010211
16.Voluit ConterereVoluit Conterere Voluit Conterere91801110222921112100
17.WeMakeItWeMakeIt WeMakeIt717011180001314413100
18.hotboyshotboys hotboys41900019000820011111
19.ExecutableExecutable Executable315100121001510019000
20.Play5tationPlay5tation Play5tation020000200002000020000

Legend
Advances
Eliminated
Standings
Placements and killsPoints
TeamTotalRound 1
Round 1
January 30, 2021 - 12:00 GMT
First Place
Three TreesThree Trees Three Trees
Second Place
Totem EsportsTotem Esports Totem Esports
Third Place
Fat Boys IntFat Boys Int Fat Boys Int
Round 2
Round 2
January 30, 2021 - 12:30 GMT
First Place
nOcreativitynOcreativity nOcreativity
Second Place
UNDERRATEDUNDERRATED UNDERRATED
Third Place
PANE&VINOPANE&VINO PANE&VINO
Round 3
Round 3
January 30, 2021 - 13:00 GMT
First Place
4Elements Esports4Elements Esports 4Elements Esports
Second Place
Les cités de FranceLes cités de France Les cités de France
Third Place
PANE&VINOPANE&VINO PANE&VINO
Round 4
Round 4
January 30, 2021 - 13:30 GMT
First Place
Les cités de FranceLes cités de France Les cités de France
Second Place
UNDERRATEDUNDERRATED UNDERRATED
Third Place
Three TreesThree Trees Three Trees
PKPKPKPK
1.UNDERRATEDUNDERRATED UR531413329774588291111
2.4Elements Esports4Elements Esports 4Elements5117000458811212124599
3.Three TreesThree Trees Three Trees4611212121116673003755
4.nOcreativitynOcreativity nOcreativity37737711277180007355
5.Les cités de FranceLes cités de France LCDF37151007311296611255
6.PANE&VINOPANE&VINO PANE&VINO309200372237445444
7.Third ImpactThird Impact TI28131441605592121212133
8.Totem EsportsTotem Esports Totem25296612100633310211
9.YaNeKosalasyaPisxKozlaYaNeKosalasyaPisxKozla YaNeKosalasyaPisxKozla2010277151331516616000
10.NEW EsportsNEW Esports NEW1945339233170339211
11.Team FJORDTeam FJORD FJORD1763008255121116322
12.Nordic SyndicateNordic Syndicate Nordic Syndicate16544454221310015100
13.Fat Boys IntFat Boys Int Fat Boys Int163733131001021111111
14.BotchampsBotchamps Botchamps12121226322820014111
15.qb clanqb clan qb clan111901110211141008244
16.AZE EsportAZE Esport AZE9823317000540020000
17.HexagonHexagon HEXA411100190001901117022
18.NOPNOP NOP320000180111600019022
19.Legends Are MadeLegends Are Made Legends Are Made316011200002000013111
20.TGCTGC TGC318000141001111118000


Semifinals[edit]


Legend
Advances
Eliminated
Standings
Placements and killsPoints
TeamTotalRound 1
Round 1
January 30, 2021 - 14:00 GMT
First Place
MagiciansMagicians Magicians
Second Place
FlavorOfTheMonthFlavorOfTheMonth FlavorOfTheMonth
Third Place
BodyGuardsBodyGuards BodyGuards
Round 2
Round 2
January 30, 2021 - 14:30 GMT
First Place
Gambit EsportsGambit Esports Gambit Esports
Second Place
T-RexT-Rex T-Rex
Third Place
789789 789
Round 3
Round 3
January 30, 2021 - 15:00 GMT
First Place
EndeavourEndeavour Endeavour
Second Place
T-RexT-Rex T-Rex
Third Place
303 Esports303 Esports 303 Esports
Round 4
Round 4
January 30, 2021 - 15:30 GMT
First Place
AvangardAvangard Avangard
Second Place
FlavorOfTheMonthFlavorOfTheMonth FlavorOfTheMonth
Third Place
789789 789
Round 5
Round 5
January 30, 2021 - 16:00 GMT
First Place
789789 789
Second Place
MagiciansMagicians Magicians
Third Place
COOLER EsportCOOLER Esport COOLER Esport
Round 6
Round 6
January 30, 2021 - 16:30 GMT
First Place
soloQgoatssoloQgoats soloQgoats
Second Place
Luminosity GamingLuminosity Gaming Luminosity Gaming
Third Place
303 Esports303 Esports 303 Esports
PKPKPKPKPKPK
1.soloQgoatssoloQgoats SQG701416612155457773111145441121010
2.789789 78961630037558233372211210104555
3.MagiciansMagicians Magicians4711211118222131001700029665400
4.FlavorOfTheMonthFlavorOfTheMonth FoTM4629662000011100291111544410200
5.EndeavourEndeavour Endeavour45160221310011213136311141337366
6.T-RexT-Rex T-Rex445400298829559211632216011
7.Gambit EsportsGambit Esports Gambit4312111112151592115444121008200
8.COOLER EsportCOOLER Esport COOLER414533454418011450037556333
9.Luminosity GamingLuminosity Gaming Luminosity4017033633363101010222190112944
10.AvangardAvangard Avangard39927711133121001121111920018000
11.303 Esports303 Esports 3033418000920037221900018000371616
12.SandalsSandals Sandals26731111102221510082221603319000
13.BodyGuardsBodyGuards BodyGuards253744170111703312122732211111
14.PeepoPogPeepoPog PeepoPog218211730016033141331113314133
15.Natus VincereNatus Vincere NAVI18131221900014122151221024412122
16.pepegaboyspepegaboys pepegaboys1720000141337366131002000017033
17.NoFear GamingNoFear Gaming NoFear171110054331023311100151009200
18.UpRisingUpRising uSg1619000180552000020000828820011
19.69iQ eSports69iQ eSports 69iQ15102111510019000180441313315122
20.AllianceAlliance Alliance1315122160005411160221700013122

Legend
Advances
Eliminated
Standings
Placements and killsPoints
TeamTotalRound 1
Round 1
January 30, 2021 - 14:00 GMT
First Place
2RATS1CONTROLLER2RATS1CONTROLLER 2RATS1CONTROLLER
Second Place
Les cités de FranceLes cités de France Les cités de France
Third Place
UNDERRATEDUNDERRATED UNDERRATED
Round 2
Round 2
January 30, 2021 - 14:30 GMT
First Place
UNDERRATEDUNDERRATED UNDERRATED
Second Place
Three TreesThree Trees Three Trees
Third Place
Totem EsportsTotem Esports Totem Esports
Round 3
Round 3
January 30, 2021 - 15:00 GMT
First Place
Totem EsportsTotem Esports Totem Esports
Second Place
PANE&VINOPANE&VINO PANE&VINO
Third Place
dead insidedead inside dead inside
Round 4
Round 4
January 30, 2021 - 15:30 GMT
First Place
Three TreesThree Trees Three Trees
Second Place
NEW EsportsNEW Esports NEW Esports
Third Place
UNDERRATEDUNDERRATED UNDERRATED
Round 5
Round 5
January 30, 2021 - 16:00 GMT
First Place
Totem EsportsTotem Esports Totem Esports
Second Place
WygersWygers Wygers
Third Place
Les cités de FranceLes cités de France Les cités de France
Round 6
Round 6
January 30, 2021 - 16:30 GMT
First Place
Mikkel, Can & DanMikkel, Can & Dan Mikkel, Can & Dan
Second Place
InsidersInsiders Insiders
Third Place
4Elements Esports4Elements Esports 4Elements Esports
PKPKPKPKPKPK
1.Totem EsportsTotem Esports Totem7614122374411299734411211115477
2.UNDERRATEDUNDERRATED UR48373311266121113766731115100
3.NEW EsportsNEW Esports NEW46131222000092662915151028820011
4.Mikkel, Can & DanMikkel, Can & Dan MCD45921111160112000013111457711255
5.Three TreesThree Trees Three Trees43190002966633311255111008222
6.Les cités de FranceLes cités de France LCDF39296613133545518000374416000
7.Third ImpactThird Impact TI381601182101016044631154774511
8.2RATS1CONTROLLER2RATS1CONTROLLER 2R1C381128814133111449222923318000
9.WygersWygers Wygers38545573111512210211298811111
10.K1CKK1CK K1CK361025511100827714122141336399
11.InsidersInsiders INS366333924417022451163112933
12.4Elements Esports4Elements Esports 4Elements308200542273118266131003722
13.dead insidedead inside dead inside26200004510103700160001600013133
14.Obey AllianceObey Alliance Obey251800010211180225466823310233
15.PANE&VINOPANE&VINO PANE&VINO234522190002933190001212214100
16.YaNeKosalasyaPisxKozlaYaNeKosalasyaPisxKozla YaNeKosalasyaPisxKozla2215155121001021120011170009299
17.Last Minute Andy'sLast Minute Andy's Last Minute Andy's221700017033456617000151007344
18.NorthNorth North207322632213100111661900012111
19.nOcreativitynOcreativity nOcreativity9121111510014122151001800019022
20.CroissantCroissant Croissant5111001800019000121002000017033


Finals[edit]


Legend
Qualified for Winter Playoffs
Qualified for the next OT Finals
Not Qualified
Standings
Placements and killsPoints
TeamTotalRound 1
Round 1
January 31, 2021 - 18:00 GMT
First Place
Third ImpactThird Impact Third Impact
Second Place
789789 789
Third Place
Les cités de FranceLes cités de France Les cités de France
Round 2
Round 2
January 31, 2021 - 18:30 GMT
First Place
T-RexT-Rex T-Rex
Second Place
K1CKK1CK K1CK
Third Place
Gambit EsportsGambit Esports Gambit Esports
Round 3
Round 3
January 31, 2021 - 19:00 GMT
First Place
K1CKK1CK K1CK
Second Place
MagiciansMagicians Magicians
Third Place
Luminosity GamingLuminosity Gaming Luminosity Gaming
Round 4
Round 4
January 31, 2021 - 19:30 GMT
First Place
Totem EsportsTotem Esports Totem Esports
Second Place
MagiciansMagicians Magicians
Third Place
Three TreesThree Trees Three Trees
Round 5
Round 5
January 31, 2021 - 20:00 GMT
First Place
Three TreesThree Trees Three Trees
Second Place
Totem EsportsTotem Esports Totem Esports
Third Place
Mikkel, Can & DanMikkel, Can & Dan Mikkel, Can & Dan
Round 6
Round 6
January 31, 2021 - 20:30 GMT
First Place
COOLER EsportCOOLER Esport COOLER Esport
Second Place
Third ImpactThird Impact Third Impact
Third Place
Mikkel, Can & DanMikkel, Can & Dan Mikkel, Can & Dan
PKPKPKPKPKPK
1.Mikkel, Can & DanMikkel, Can & Dan MCD5511177456692331217737553744
2.Third ImpactThird Impact TI531121212131111112210233141002999
3.MagiciansMagicians Magicians5117033825529992977111005422
4.Totem EsportsTotem Esports Totem4314111102221600011299295511111
5.T-RexT-Rex T-Rex422000011214141514445661600020000
6.COOLER EsportCOOLER Esport COOLER4082332000082442000054111121212
7.Three TreesThree Trees Three Trees40102001210017000373311210106322
8.789789 78938296611144131009222457713100
9.K1CKK1CK K1CK3718000292211244190001028818000
10.Les cités de FranceLes cités de France LCDF363755170004588141001510010277
11.FlavorOfTheMonthFlavorOfTheMonth FoTM346388736673005455920019000
12.soloQgoatssoloQgoats SQG31739915100141116322170449255
13.Luminosity GamingLuminosity Gaming Luminosity2845009211376615100823312100
14.Gambit EsportsGambit Esports Gambit25131003755634411100121118200
15.NEW EsportsNEW Esports NEW2216000190001028813133735517000
16.EndeavourEndeavour Endeavour22121006322190001601163224555
17.AvangardAvangard Avangard195411141332001173221803315100
18.UNDERRATEDUNDERRATED UR1992005411542282221311116000
19.2RATS1CONTROLLER2RATS1CONTROLLER 2R1C1819033180001212217000200227377
20.WygersWygers Wygers10151001605518000180001900014133


Additional Content[edit]

Streams[edit]

Primary
LanguageEnglish SpeakingFranceRussia
Streams

Viewership Statistics[edit]

Viewership Stats
Peak Viewers 72 401
Average Viewers 36 261
Hours Watched 362 606

Country Representation[edit]

#Country / RegionRepresentationPlayers
1Russia Russia44 / 217 (20%)7SaVast, 7ozzzus, Arsssq, BAPE5, believerok, CRBI, CRONUSZZZ, Diffauss, Doremi, dsblf, Esdesu, Flash, Fyzu, Hardecki, IFinkUFreeky, Kane king, Kova, krezenn, Leogri3x6, Loony, MINiKe4mo, Maliwan, Mentalsatoyama, N1llbat, ojrein, Onimeloverr, Pazghan, PlushkaHDD, Raygo, RexForeverX, Roubibi, Sadyama, Senvelse, ShadowZS, Squce, Stanyyy, taskmast33r, Voosya, WaaaaiWaaaai, WeakQ, Wrugb, Wugfouuu, xaniya, xanndr
2France France41 / 217 (19%)ASKYY, Amaazz, Aventy, Awheart, AyerMan, Bostone, Clone, Crame Un Gramme, Cyqop, Dikql, Fantasmoke, FrenchToosh, FuryTime, ImVertige, JSavageW, JayWillSlayy, JokeeV2, Jumpaxx, KSWINNIIE, Kaizo, Kizaron, laggeRR, Lerabinou, M4MATTH, Mamelouze, Mistral, Mpé, Navaj, Osnazeni, qKobyy, RazZ0r, robbeN, row, SH1NII, SushYYY, Tireeed, wSerious, XKana M, Y0L0000, Youk0u, Zeckio
3Sweden Sweden23 / 217 (11%)Aceland, BallonG, Cronhjort, Dipities, FrostLombaxx, Galatorix, Gillgu, Graceful, Hakis, ISoaqd, Kozay, maydeelol, Mellson, Mezzenger, Nordbergen, Noth, Noxzy, ottr, Qv1ean, Shadez, Taylor, Vaifs, Zayx
4United Kingdom United Kingdom15 / 217 (7%)Blasts, brynn, Daniomega, Dazoh, Horizxon, jaazzaz, Jmw, Legitlolly, nOOK, Noiises, SMEGGYTOE, ShivFPS, SirDel, Slayers, Yuki
5Italy Italy14 / 217 (6%)AndreStrong, Balerion, BloodRayne, BulderHOPUP, Chron0xd, Mask, mugiwara, SABID0PE, Seregon, ShRP, SiveN, Streamiii, Zadkiael, Zeref
6Ukraine Ukraine12 / 217 (6%)Apelsin, Artyco, Blindazart, Kando empty, Max-Strafe, NightHunterBoss, Ppeepsss, Sanya, SchmekZ, StaNdeFF, Target, Xron
7Denmark Denmark10 / 217 (5%)Badoli, diffq, Gnaske, Mande, NAPFlame, Nantripp, Skotte, StyleS, thex, WNecky
7Finland Finland10 / 217 (5%)Akkanaattori, Ibbuuh, Kouhia, LeChapstick, Mimu, Ruabbe, Vavetaki, Zanmaa, ZeroNothing, ziki
7Germany Germany10 / 217 (5%)Barkadij, Folti, Genos, Gerovic12, MiyZx, Nesh, OLDIS, Sineska, Taisheen, tycoonyx
10Norway Norway5 / 217 (2%)iPN, Ko0mbra, Pjeh, Plomme, pyradice
11Hungary Hungary4 / 217 (2%)Buscon, QDiasz, RALFEYZx, Scurra
11Ireland Ireland4 / 217 (2%)Funk, muhhn, Oxbow, Zipeth
11Poland Poland4 / 217 (2%)Denzaay, KIMCZU, QUERNI, Siebakk
14Bulgaria Bulgaria3 / 217 (1%)EnfetterA, LeontiniusV, Nezullrn
14Netherlands Netherlands3 / 217 (1%)Faenex, Lxrss, Rogerboger
14Portugal Portugal3 / 217 (1%)Hiarka, k4shera, PostKiLL
14Spain Spain3 / 217 (1%)Easy, Kryp, Uxako
18Slovakia Slovakia2 / 217 (1%)rondon, xeriffer
19Austria Austria1 / 217 (0%)Jonjenk
19Belgium Belgium1 / 217 (0%)Matzies
19Croatia Croatia1 / 217 (0%)rpr
19Czech Republic Czechia1 / 217 (0%)B4mbino
19Egypt Egypt1 / 217 (0%)Lil Max47
19Lithuania Lithuania1 / 217 (0%)Poachy
19Romania Romania1 / 217 (0%)OnisoaZ

References[edit]